Testing Website Speed

Today’s fast moving pace and notoriously short attention spans require speed nearly above all else. Having slow website speed can quickly deter viewers from your site, cause them to lose patience, and seek services or solutions elsewhere. Your website’s speed does not only affect the page’s loading time, but also issues that may revolve around scripts, fonts, or plugins.

A variety of things can cause slow speeds on your website. Non-optimized images drag out the loading time. Another possibility is render-blocking JavaScript or CSS. Incorrectly configured Content Delivery Networks also hinder optimal speeds.

A few terms to know before you get started:

TTFB (Time to First Byte) means the time between your browser making the request from the server to the browser receiving information from it.

Page load time refers to how long it takes for the web page to completely load. This includes all CSS, image files, and Javascript, everything required to allow full interaction from the user.

Page rendering time on the other hand is the time it takes for the web page to be ready for any interaction. Some parts of the page may load slower, such as slideshows or images, but the user is still able to interact with the other aspects of the page.

A few helpful services:

Speedtest provides mobile apps or Android, iOS, and Windows cell phones, as well as the usual online services, so that you can measure your device’s connections as well. Once you get your speed results, you can take a look at your service’s performance history and then compare it to locations close by or across the world.

TestMy is a trusty service that has been around since 1996. As an independent third party, TestMy is committed to providing you with an accurate speed. It logs test results, tests internet speeds, and tests your upload speed. Additionally it provides testing tools on Android and iOS devices.

Pingdom splits your results into four categories: performance grade, requests, load time, and page size. The overview helps you to detect the areas most in need of optimizing.

GTmetrix is very detailed, providing information about page speed and yslow scores, recommendations for improvement, details about page load, and in-progress updates for how any changes you make affect the speed.

Remember that whatever scores you come up with should primarily be used as a guide. Some optimizations can reduce your speed score despite having improved the load time or have other incompatibility issues that result in display flaws. The tests are most useful during the process of working to optimize your site. Testing between different improvements can give you a feel for what works best. Remember to clear your cache before and between tests!

Optimal Password Security

downloadCreating a strong password is essential for basic website security, whether it is for your email, your bank, or your website’s account. This security step is one of the simplest ones to take toward optimal protection against hackers and viruses. Don’t put it off! Use this list of tips for strong passwords to double-check that your password can stand against a hacking program.

  • Your main strategy should be to create a unique combination of words, numbers, symbols, and upper-case and lower-case letters. This can sound initially unappealing as it will be harder for you to remember, but it will be worth it in how much harder it will be for a hacking program to break through.
  • Stay far away from obvious passwords such as “password,” “admin,” or “user.”
  • Never use your username as part of your password.
  • Adjacent keyboard combinations may seem creative (“qwerty” or “asdf”), but they are used almost as commonly as “password” etc. and are simple to hack.
  • Avoid using details that you assume are confidential, like a birth date, phone number, Social Security number, or anniversary.
  • Ideally, stay away from words found in the dictionary. Password-hacking tools usually come with dictionary lists to run thousands of words and passwords. If you do use a word found in the dictionary, be sure to add a number, symbol, punctuation, and/or capitalized letters.
  • Try using a string of words such as part of the refrain from your favorite song, the title of a book, or a phrase/idiom you find amusing. It will be easier to remember as well as harder to guess.  The longer the password, the better.

After looking over these tips, understandably your first reaction might be that once you find a strong password, you will immediately forget it, and then what use will it be? Here are a few useful websites that help with just that problem.

KeePass is an open-source, free, light-weight service for storing usernames, passwords, and other information you might need to remember. It is stored in an encrypted file, which is protected by a master password or a key file. That way you only have to remember one password in order to access all of them. The database is stored on the local file system. The system is primarily designed for Microsoft Windows, but can support other systems through an add on.

Keychain is a password management system developed by Apple. It is synced via iCloud for iOS and OS X. Also free and open-sourced, it can store passwords, FTP servers, SSH accounts, network shares, wireless networks, groupware applications, private keys, certificates, and security notes. Additionally the service can help you generate unique passwords.

Password Vault Manager offers storage for passwords, credit card information, bank accounts, and other sensitive information. It is a paid service, but offers a free 30-day trial. The system uses an AES algorithm to keep all your information totally secure.

LastPass, as well as storing your passwords and sensitive information, offers automatic sign-ins for all of your online accounts from any location or device. You are the only person in possession of the master password, preventing even LastPass from accessing your information. It offers several different levels of security and features so that you can decide if your needs merit a free account, premium, or enterprise level.